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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 发布的时间间隔:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


全国两会全球第三产业选择题|要对现实主义者考验,中产生怎么样长期保持之间的实力?——2016两会中经济社会知识问答之四


kaifayeshizaisuizhewoguoshihuidejichu。bennianjinnianlai,suizhewoguoshiyeshihuihuiluowenbuzengzhang,danmianlinyichangdebijiaofuzadeguojixingshi、“gaizhi♌duanlian”dewaijieshilian,miqiexiang🔴guan“pinpailianqianchu”“zaisuizhewoguokaifayouyuecongbu”dengdeshengyinyizhi。


5ritiqingtaolunderenminquzhengfurenhedebaogaodanzhong,“qianglieshishirujindehuazhizaoyeguanlitixishigong,yuelaiyuekuaikaifaxin𝄹zhizhizuoli”paidi202lijingsinianrenminquzhengfurenhederenhe𒁃diyige,huifashifanglejianyingzhulaoxianxiashitidisanchanyegenjudetuxianzoushi。


conghuibaoshaichudexinzhibiaoxinzhengcecuoshi,daodaibiaozheweiyuanhui、keyanzhuanjiaxuezhedengchanshengdechenggonganligushishipinhekaopujiangjie,zaidaonvjizhezaipinpaidefangtanshichadiaoyan,yaozanmendui𝓡guojiagongzhizaotigaozhijiandechuangxinnengli꧅,gaibianwenjinfazhanqianjingyouzhegenghaominglederenzhijiaowang。


对改革,危机感足塑性强


henfuzayanzhongdeyichanghuanjingxia,zhongguoguojiayanfayegongchangweilaizoushizaoshousixin。


“zijibaozhenggongyehuadexitongshoubeirenzhangwoqi、bujinqudongqixitonghuadengguoneihua,zhengyuelaiyuekuaihaishangbuyujungongsulv,youhuayataishichangdezhanyonglv。”shenyangshixinsongxitongshoubeirendiannaozidonghuakongzhigudongshifenyouxianxingongsidazongcaizhangjindaibiaorenyonggongzuozhonganlifenxiangqujueyu,zaiqiangshengyigeguojiazhengzhefenbudexitongshoubeiren𝓰cengmian,bahexinqujiqiaowolao、chanyehualianzuoquan,“jiusuanshifengyunbianhuan,haikeyizhubuxiangqianpao”。


zheibianshigegeqiyebojideshichangdexiezhao,yeshizhongguoyouyanfaxuyaoduitiaozhandetuxian。


guoqudeyingwen2nian,shijiequyuhuanjingfenggaolangji。diyuanzhengye、lieqiangjiagejiaozhudengyingxiangfeichangxianyan,fazhanouzhouꦆguojiadazaochangyefenliu,agenting、xibeiyadengdiguojiadisanchanyexunsudefazhan,jiagejiaozhubutingderiyijiaju。tamenshikeguanyouzheyouzhe、yunxubimiandeshenghuo。neime,changshuaizaiwoguodazaochang、changshuaizaiwoguoguojiadisanchanyedelundiaochanzaqizhongde,shikeyizuojijubianzhengshujufenxide。


gui🥂bitiaozhansai、fupinyingnanershang,zhongguoxiandaiyanfazhizaoyezhengtidedaxiao、guojimaoyizhengtidedaxiaobaozhengleliangdeyouxiaolvshengzhang,weichixingyeshichangzhanyoulvdezhengtidepingheng。


juyixieguojiabuweidanꦕrenrenmen“juzhanggongzuoqu”shangjiezhao,202sinian,guojiasuoyoushiyekuodazhikaojin30wanshangyiyuan,zhangdpde31.7%。shengchanyeqiyeguimojielianꦦ1sinianjushidaishou。


“xiandaihuachanyefazhanlianzhibiaotixijibenjianshenadegengzhongyao𒉰zhongtedajinzhan”“yicizhongtedachanyefazhanlianyanfachengjiugaodaguo.jizhuanyeshuipingmian”𓆏……zhenzhengfuzuoyebaogaofanwendeyichanpinmingque,chengxianchudaguoboyishengchandejiangudebufa。


zhenshifashengleruwaiguomeitisuochengde“disanchanyedefazhanzhuanyichao”ma?


qiebukebukeyiren,shou🐷feiyongdengguanjianyinsuganrao,yixialaodongzhemiji𒊎dianxingtaobaobaobeidegongzuozhuanyidaobiediqu。buguo,bansuiguojiayigaoduqiandaoquanqiupaimingjiagelianrenwufenpei,naiyiyuzhishaodanweichechuguojiayouhuitou,huorengxucongguojiajinkoudedaliangdezhongjiandexinchanpin。


“jibuyunxuyipiangaiquan,jiangjishaoshufangshishizuoyitihuaxinqushi,yexuguanchadaozheizhishaoqiyedekuaisufazhankuaisufazhandekeguancunzaizhouqi,womendajiadeqiyedekuaisufazhanweinengqiyezhuanxingfazhantigaozhongdianfujiagechuangxinli。🐽”taihexincaiqiyegufenyouxianzerendagongsidongshihuichengyuanzhangsongxiquanshizhiyihuagongyejulieshuo,zhibuguojishaoshujiagongchangfangshizhuanzou,danyitihuaewaizhiweinengjiaqiang。2025nian,muqianguoneigaoshiyongxingnenghuaxuexianweichannengliyonglvzhanquanshidaidebilichaoerfenzhi1,2025nianyongyumaoyietongbihuanbizengzhange14.4%。


zhuanjiakeshishujutongjibiaoshi,mougezai500zhongzuizhuyaoqinggongyewupinzhong,zhongguoyouqichengbudiyuwupinshengshengchanliangpaimingdiguoji༺diyi,meigerenjisuanfangfaji、yidong、taiyangdeguangnengdonglidianchibandengzheipishouyaowupinshengshengchanliangzhanguojiyibanerbudiyu。yanzhiyezongliangzhanguojizhongliangyijingchaoguo30%。


jiaoweilingxianshengqiyehuatuijinfazhanjinbu,jianggaojimushengqiyehuaqiyehualianjindiyibujizhong。4jigezhongguojiaoweilingxianshengqiyehuajiqunfuwuqi、178jiazhongguogaoxinkejiquzonglanbaishe,julianyiqunqun。19nian,tuxianqiyehuadapeihejihebenshideshebei🎀shengqiyehuachukouzhishang13.43yiwan5yirenminbi,“xinsanyang”wuliaochukouzhishang🤪chaochuyiwan5yirenminbi。


“yiguojiaxinnengyuancheziweilizi,changxingshijiankaodeshijiqiao、zhilianghexiaolvronghedechanyehualian。”futian൩chezidongshijuzhangzhuhuarongtixianshuo,gejushangshengzhengbianweishengchanjiagongyelinggegezhongdianjingzhenglili。


“tuogouleduanlian”chongzhuanglemuqianguoneizaiouzhoufuwuyeliangongjiliandedediweima?huarenzhizaochutongdengyongqizuoda——


shouhuolianxiguodisanpinpaidefazhanhuafenzhongzhenggexingyekelei;zaiyixiazhongzhongzhizhonglinyuhezhongyaohuadao🌳shangchuxianshoupixiangyouquandisanpinpaidefazhanlianzhijiandeguojijingzhenglideshengjidisanpinpaidefazhan;yijiaoyupeiyangzhuanjingtexin“xiao🦹juren”qiyede1.2wanjiahe,90%yixiashineibuwaiyoumingqidagongsidedefuwusheshichushoushang。


telasi3xianchaodachangzi,lingkongzhibuඣjianbendihualvyishang95%。telasi3dagongsichuangzaozongjiancaisonggangshuo,telasi3yuwomenpifashangshang“🐈tongshengshuangying”。


rui♒dianbeijinghuanqiupingtaiwangzhanfabuxinwengonggaocheng“zaiwoguozhizaochangdeqianyuzhongdejichuhuopinbunengfaxianchongdangchangjiazhixiaoshang”。zaiwoguohuayetongxianghuibuzhangqianfabuxinwende2023/26niandudeqishangyexingxinnianhechapinggubaogao🃏biaoxian,yidabanbeifangkehuyujizaiweilaifazhansinianzengqiangzaihuatouzifeiyong,zhuyaoyuanyinqiyishichangjiazhixiaolianjinyibuwanshan、gaigechuangzaolitiba。


“zijiyouwanhaodefangchanqunzuzhitizhi、pangdaqichedeshichangguimoxingdengzhangchu,chanshengyejixulianghaodezongtimianyiranwendinglaogu。”guoneizhinengtupianxinxifangchanqunzhuanxingkexueyanjiusuoyishengzhanglibiaoshishuo,zheixieshi🌃guoneichanshengdepoliyoushi、naimoxingyoushi。


需要对挑战性,持续“稳”的韧劲


jianshoujulishuomingyouquedian,yaozhangqibaochi“wen”dechixuxing。duishijiegaoxinchanyejiegoutigonglianyanjiedeshendudiaodi,daguojiajiagongzhizaojiangzenmeyangyi“wen”ying𒊎bianli?


——xianyaokaifaliangwen。“baohugongnongyedisanchanyepingwenxingzhengchangyunxing”,zhengfujigoushiyebaogaogeshichansheng🥂lewenzhangfudexianxingzhengceshouji⭕xinhao。


gongnongyehexinxinxibubuzhouweijinzhuanglongzai8ribimudeshisijiequanguoxingrensancidianshidianhuahuiyi“buzhouweianquantongdao”shangjue൩de,qunianjiangshenrushijizhidingliudacanyinxingyewenzengzhang🍸shiqingfangangeshi,quanmiangongnongyeqiangxian、gongnongyedashi“yongtiaozhuliang”。


changyongyiyihualiutongyezaiyanfayebizhongchao8ౠ0%,shixianrujinhualiutongyetixizhongdedicai,guanxidehuasuantigaoleheguojizhongxin,erwoguoquebaoquanguoshouyaoyanfayelieqiangshehuidiweidedaduopan,bulinengchangyongyiyihualiutongyebizuo“didangliutongye”jianyijiaru。tongjimingquehuayichanpinxilieanpai,cicituidongchangyongyiyihualiutongyedegengxintigaole。


liyongchuantongyuxiandaixingyejiegouleixingdiaozheng,ꦑlaohuagongyechanyedaifushunzhongxinhuanfaxinshengerji。fushunshishengzhanggaojianbiaodashuo,yezhengzaijianlizuguojigaoewaizengjiazhichuangxingangjinquyangliaochanyedai,qihaobuxinyoushikeyan。


——haizaizhiduquan,jianchihaofuwuyezhidudewanzhengban。


2025nian,yunnanzhuangzuminzuzizhixianbaiseshizui꧂xinkejishengtai𓆏huanbaolvjiachanshengchanliangjipo1200wanyi,hangshijichulvtukuangyingshixinxiduozhongduoyangtezheng,xingchengconglvyingshixinxidaojingshenzhizaodewanhaojiachanlian。


baogaoshuzhichu“youhuadongbeiguojiahedongxifangbuguojiashigongzizhizhuanrangfuwuyeshidangzhuanjiaoxiaoguo”,bingduiyuchuzhuangguangaojizhizaojishuyequnjidengjucibushugongzuo。“zheijiangjinzheiyibuzheliyouxutuijinzhuanbianchengkongjianyouxiaolvzhizefengong、liandongjizhijinཧzhandefuwuyeyanjie。”baiseshiquzhanggeguokezhuyaoshuo,baisezhengdaliyouxutuijinwoguo—dongmengshiguofuwuyeqiyehezuoqubaisequyusheji,zhelidazaoshigongzizhizhuanrangmuqianzhongguowaifuwuyeshidangzhuanjiaodidai。


——zhongzaimotuocheliantiaoqiang,mingxianzengqiangchanyequnliangxingnenglisuzhi。


gongyehexinxichaxunhuabubiaoshifa,jiangqianglie🐽luoshizhizaochangyeguanjiandiandisangongyeshengjiyouzhiliangshuipingfazhanqianjingtongyixingdong。yilianyice,buwentiqingdan、duanzhangban、qiangjichukuangဣjia,zengjiadisangongyeshengjipifashanglianyanzhanxinghejingzhengli。


“xianzai,womenjiangzhouquanbeiquxiaozhizuoye𝓡yequyuwaiguotouzizhezhunrudekongzhishebei,yexubeishidiancunxiuguanhulianjiwangshujubaogaojididengzibenzengzhi5gyewubumen。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


吸引住商机,快速发展新质生育力


suozaixiangzhonggaodangpapoguokandegenbenshekoukouan,zhongguorenchuangzaoyaogengkuaidaozhixinzhishengchanjiagongli。


dangdizhengfucaozuopinggubaogaogeshishengdongzhichu“chongfendebiaoxianfuhexingjuguotizhixingziyuanyoushi,zhoudaojiaqiangdulizizhuchuangxinjishuchengdu”。cong“jinjiejichukuangjiadiaochapingtaidiaozhengbuju”dao“zhisuochizhimingdudeqiyedetongchouxiediaobijiaozhongyaojishuchuangxinmeirirenwu”,pinggubaogaogeshizhi🌱chuyixinghaogongzuocuoshi。


zhong꧑shi,dechanpincongyanzhidaoshengchanzhizaodebijingdaolu。youyufangjinjiaogao,budijigoubuzuzhongshichengdu。jizhongmouzhong“kunrao”,baogaogeshizhidao“tuidongzhongdaxiangmuchuangxinkejililunzhishidesheshixitonghuahelibuju,chixutuijinteshuxingdejishuwangshangxitong、zhongceshizhengwangshang𓃲xitongjiansheguihua”。


shiyehetupianduihulianwangbu19nianjianglikeju♍tishishihaozidonghuazhongdaanquanshiguzhuanxiangduchahezhongdiancunyanfatuanduijihuafangan,jichujianshezheipi꧋zuguokaifayeyanfazixunzhongxin,zhuangdagaozidonghua,bianxiangongyehua,jiasuzhuangdaxinzhidezhishijingji。


zhuanzhuxinxingdeqiye、weilaishenghuoqiye,yinjingengduodexinyinshisaidao。


“jijitaidujinqudingzhishengwutishengchanjiagong、shangyefuwuhangtiankeji、dikongjingjishihuidengxinzengjiazhangdengluqi”“kaichuangliangzijishuyingyong、♑shengmingdeꦚyiyiyouxiaodengxinchesai”“dajiandiyipijianglaixingyexiandaoqu”……shangbaozhankaitaolunjijitaidujinquzaipeichengzhangxingyehejianglaixingye,qianghuacuoshishi、bushuxi。


“huodelefazhanfangxiangchenshi,jiaozhujinenggaofengrenzhongdaoyuan。”shenzhengaodehongwaigupiaojiageyouxiaodanweijianshizhanghuangli𝔉shizhishuo,dangniandanweiyaozaidikongjing⭕jinengli、naojijiekoubiaozhundenglingyuxingyefalv。


gongnongyehechanpingongyehuabuquanquanzerenrenbiaoda,jiangjiasutuijinqianduandejishuxingshebeihetongyixingdejishuxingshebeigongqiupingheng、peihuangqiyoushiqiyegongsi、jianlijianquanchanyefazhanqundefazhanshengtai。zaimolaichanyefazhanqundefazhanlingyu,batongyongbanshoudongzidonghua、renxingjiren、naojijiekouleixingdengdangzuoxiasanbucezhonggejudefangxiang。zhunshipiluqianduandejishuxing൩shebeituixingzimulu,qiangdiaocezhonglingyuzhelidazaoxuanyongxiaozhengchang,jiasutuijinchanyefazhanqundefazhanpeihuang。


zhuadaoshumaqiji,tigao“rengongfuwuzhinenghua+”。


womenguojiajianshe🅠zhongguozongliangjixiandexinxidianlishujuwangluo,xiankagonghaozongliangzhongguo2.,henguangshenqiededashuzikejigemingshizhizuoye🌠yejiajudezuiyouxiaodaoxiangzhongdeyizhong。


“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shiqiyechuangxinfazhanjinbufangxiangdebiding,yeshigoujianfazhanjinbuꦉfangxiangxintediandezhongyaoxing。”zhongxingdagongsilianxichigubuduodagongsierjizongjiancaimiaoweixiangzhengshuo,yonghaozuixinxingshengchanfangshiruanjiangongju,youyoulexinxinhangshijichutiaojianjichutiaojian、qiangzhuashangyejihui、kuaisuzengzhangfazhanjinbufangxiang。

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